RBI, Bank of Japan sign Bilateral Swap Arrangement


Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Bank of Japan have signed a bilateral swap agreement. The agreement was negotiated during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Tokyo last year.

Bilateral Swap Agreement :

The Swap agreement will provide India access to 75 billion US dollars against the 50 billion dollars under earlier BSA. Under the agreement, India can access 75 billion dollars for its domestic currency, for the purpose of maintaining an appropriate level of balance of payments or short-term liquidity at its discretion.

Benefits of the Swap Agreement :

  • The currency swap makes it easier to improve liquidity conditions.
  • Currency swap agreements help in saving for a rainy day when the economy is not looking in good shape.
  • The swap agreements also contribute towards stabilising the country’s balance of payments (BoP) position.
  • The agreement aids in improving confidence in the Indian market.

As part of the agreement, the Bank of Japan (Japanese central bank) will accept rupees and give dollars to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Similarly, RBI will take the yen and give dollars to the Bank of Japan to stabilize each other’s currency.