Every Independent country has its own national flag. India’s national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya and it was first hoisted in 1923. It was adopted on July 22, 1947, in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly. In our country, the term “tricolour” refers to the Indian national flag.
• Tricolour has horizontal deep saffron (Kesari) colour at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
• According to the official norms width of the flag to its length is two to three. The white band and a navy blue wheel represent the Ashok chakra.
• Design of the wheel on the flag represents the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes and its diameter approximates to the width of the white band.
• According to the information available on the government website, the first national flag in India was hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta now Kolkata. Three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green were present in this flag.
• After that, India adopted another design of the flag and the second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band of exiled revolutionaries in 1907.
• The colours and their significance remained the same as the previous one. In this flag dharma charkha of Emperor Asoka was replaced with the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag.