Jharkhand Government has launched Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana aimed at developing villages of freedom fighters in the state. It was launched from Ulihat Village, birth place of freedom fighter Birsa Munda. The Jharkhand Welfare Department has decided to construct a total number of 136 affordable housing units in Ulihatu under Jharkhand Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana.
Details of Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana :
Under the Jharkhand Shaheed Gram Vikas Yojana, the rural area of Ulihatu where the tribal leader Birsa Munda was born will be developed. The village is in Maoist-hit Khunti district which invites greater threats from the jungle. Ulihatu, a village in Arki Block, had remained virtually inaccessible for a long time after Independence because of Left-wing extremism. Although, the state government will take action under this scheme and will provide basic amenities to the people. Now they will be provided with 136 pucca houses.
Birsa Munda :
Birsa Munda was tribal, freedom fighter, religious leader, and folk hero who belonged to Munda tribe from Chhotanagpur area. He had led Munda rebellion towards end of 19th century against British Raj. Starting in 1895, revolt was against interference by British administration which transformed tribal agrarian system into feudal state around Chhotanagpur area, as well as interference in their religious matters from Missionary activities.
Birsa Munda had adopted Guerilla Warfare techniques to launch surprise attacks in which many police officials were killed.