India, Japan to step up defence cooperation


India and Japan have agreed to collaborate closely in defence production, including on dual-use technologies. Decision in this regard was taken at the India-Japan annual defence ministerial dialogue held in Tokyo. The annual defence ministerial dialogue aimed to further strengthen defence and security cooperation under the framework of the ‘Japan-lndia Special Strategic and Global Partnership’.


The decision of both countries to boost defense ties comes amid escalating tension in the region in wake of China’s growing assertiveness in the South China Sea and nuclear test by North Korea. Further, during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Japan in November 2016, both sides had decided to ramp up bilateral defense and security cooperation and explore ways to further deepen it.

Key Facts

Both countries resolved to ramp up overall military engagement under the bilateral special strategic framework. They agreed to ramp up counter-terror cooperation, besides deepening engagement among navies, air forces and ground armed forces of two countries.

They strongly condemned North Korea’s latest nuclear test and called upon the country to cease such action which adversely impacts peace and stability of the region. They also commended the progress made in discussions to identify specific areas of collaboration in the field of defense equipment and technology cooperation for production of various military platforms. They also agreed to commence technical discussions for research collaboration in areas of Unmanned Ground Vehicles and Robotics.

They also welcomed constructive engagement between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Japan’s Acquisition, Technology and Logistic Agency (ATLA). India is planning to buy the US-2 ShinMaywa aircraft from Japan for its navy.