India gets Jaipur as its 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site

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Jaipur city, Rajasthan is inscribed in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites during the 43rd session of the world heritage committee at Baku, Azerbaijan.With the inclusion of Jaipur city, India has now 38 UNESCO world heritage sites of which 30 are Cultural properties, 7 are Natural properties and 1 is the mixed site.

  • India had proposed the nomination of Jaipur as an “exceptional urban example in indigenous city planning and construction in South Asia”, before the World Heritage Committee.
  • The historic walled city of Jaipur in Rajasthan was founded in 1727 AD (Anno Domini) under the patronage of Sawai Jai Singh II. It serves as the capital city of the culturally-rich state of Rajasthan.
  • It is located in hilly terrain and was established on the plain. It was built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture.
  • It shows an interchange of ancient Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western ideas that resulted in the form of the city
  • It is an example of a late medieval trade town in South Asia and it defined new concepts for a thriving trade and commercial hub.

A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other forms of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.