Prime Narendra Modi announced that India has established itself as the world’s 4th largest space super power. The Prime Minister stated that the feat is historic, as till now, only three countries in the world – United States of America, Russia and China have achieved this.
• The Prime Minister announced the success of ‘Mission Shakti’, in which Indian scientists successfully targeted and shot down a live satellite on a Low Earth Orbit with an anti-satellite missile (A-SAT) within a matter of just three minutes.
• He announced that India has joined the elite league of space powers and the whole mission required a lot of complex scientific maneuvers and techniques, which India was able to see through successfully.
• At the same time, the Prime Minister assured that the newly acquired capability will not be used against anyone and that it was purely for India’s security.
• The Prime Minister claimed that the entire operation, called ‘Mission Shakti’ was entirely indigenous.
India is only the 4th country to acquire such a specialised and modern capability.The entire mission was indigenous, signifying India’s scientific, security and economic progress.The anti-satellite missile, A-SAT, is expected to give a sound, solid footing to India’s space security.
A Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is an Earth-centered orbit with an altitude of 2,000 km or less.Most of the manmade objects in space are situated in the LEO. The altitude of an object in an elliptic orbit can vary significantly along the orbit. A low Earth orbit requires the lowest amount of energy for satellite placement. It provides high bandwidth and low communication latency.
The anti-satellite weapons (A-SAT) are designed to incapacitate or destroy satellites for strategic military purposes.Several nations possess operational ASAT systems, with others in development or design.