IIIT Hyderabad created first ever Indian Brain Atlas

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Researchers at International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT-H), Hyderabad, have created the first-ever Indian Brain Atlas referred to as IBA 100. The research has been published in a peer-reviewed journal– Neurology India.

The Indian human brain atlas construction was undertaken by team of IIITH researchers was led by Jayanthi Sivaswamy from Centre for Visual Information Technology (CVIT) in collaboration with Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology (DISIR), Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram.

The earliest known brain atlas, ‘the Talairach and Tournoux atlas’, was created by manually drawing post-mortem brain sections of a 60-year-old French woman. It was in 1993 that  Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) and International Consortium for Brain Mapping (ICBM) created first digital human brain atlas.

Study has revealed that Indian brain, on an average, is smaller in height, width and volume when compared to Caucasian and eastern (Chinese and Korean) populations. The differences were found even at structure level, like in volume of hippocampus and so on.