Gujarat launched India’s first ‘Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)’ to combat particulate air pollution


The State Government of Gujarat has launched India’s 1st trading program called “Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)” in Surat, Gujarat to combat particulate air pollution.

  • ETS ,an initiative of Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) , is a market-based system where the government sets a cap on emissions and allows industries to buy and sell permits (in kilograms) to stay below the cap . For this reason, ETS is also called as a cap-and-trade market. It is designed with the help of a team of researchers from different institutions.
  • Under this, the GPCB initially determine the total mass of pollution that can be put into the air over a fixed period by all factories/Industries as a whole. A permit is then created in which each is allowed some degree of pollution emissions and the total permit is equal to the maximum fixed pollution emissions. This permit is usually a number/unit that can be bought or sold.
  • Surat is a densely populated industrial center where textile and dye mills emit large amounts of air pollution & it is equipped with Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems already which makes it possible to predict the mass of  Particulate Matter (PM ) being released.