To address the issues of land degradation and desertification, for the first time, India will host the 14th session of the Conference of Parties (COP-14) of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in September 2019. It will be held between September 2 and 13, 2019 at the India Expo Center and Mart, New Delhi. COP-14 will review the reports submitted by COP to convention and look into the details like how they carry out their commitments.
- The conference will be hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of India.
- 5,000 delegates from nearly 197 countries will be participating in the event.
- India will take over the COP presidency from China for the next two years till 2021 until the next COP. Last Conference was held from 6-16 September 2017 in Ordos in the People’s Republic of China.
- The 3 major Conventions of the United Nations (UN) are UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and UNCCD.
- It is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s degraded and deforested land under restoration by the year 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
- India had joined the voluntary Bonn Challenge pledge at COP-13 (2015) in Paris. It had committed to restore 13 million hectares (MH) of degraded and deforested land by 2020, and an additional 8 million hectares (MH) by 2030. It is one of the largest pledges in Asia.