United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected South Africa, Indonesia, Dominican Republic, Germany and Belgium as non-permanent members of UN Security Council (UNSC). They will have two-year term beginning January 1, 2019.
UN Security Council (UNSC) :
UNSC is most powerful and one of the six principal organs of United Nations.Under UN Charter it has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 members, including five permanent ones with the power of veto.The five permanent members are China, France, Russia, UK and US. 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each.Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action through UNSC resolutions.
Functions of the UNSC :
- UNSC is responsible for determining existence of threat against peace and to respond to an act of aggression.
- It is also responsible for finding peaceful means to settle conflict or dispute between states.
- In some cases, it resorts to sanctions or even authorise use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
- It also recommends to UNGA appointment of UN Secretary General and admission of new members to the UN.